Engaged in a civil war with the Roman general Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus and a hostile group of Republican senators, in 49 BC Julius Caesar sent a force to North Africa under the command of Gaius Scribonius Curio to deal with the Pompeian forces there. The sailors on the boats finally agreed to take a few of the married soldiers who had families back home, while others swam out to the ships and were pulled aboard. Curio commits suicide to avoid capture. The result was a crushing defeat for the Caesarean forces and the death of Curio. The campaign culminates at the battles of Utica and Bagradas in 49 BC. [2] After getting the better of Varus’s Numidian allies in a number of skirmishes, he defeated Varus at the Battle of Utica, who fled into the town of Utica. [4] Curio questioned the prisoners, who informed him that Saburra was in command of the forces on the Bagradas. The Battle of the Bagradas River (49 BC) occurred on August 24 and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia. False reports from Utica about Juba’s strength caused him to drop his guard, leading to the Battle of the Bagradas River. [5], Moving away from the river, Curio eventually saw the army of Saburra. [4], He quickly changed his mind, however, when some apparent deserters from Utica appeared with information about the approaching Numidian forces. [3] Curio, also hearing that Juba’s army was less than 23 miles from Utica, abandoned the siege, making his way to his base on the Castra Cornelia. The battle of the Bagradas River (24 July 49 BC) was a major defeat for Caesar's army in North Africa, and firmly established Pompey's control over the area (Great Roman Civil War). Goldsworthy, Adrian Keith, Caesar’s Civil War, 49 – 44 BC, Osprey Publishing, 2002; Holland, Tom, Rubicon: The Triumph and Tragedy of the Roman Republic, Abacus, 2004 [8] The majority of the galleys and transports fled without waiting to collect the stranded soldiers, while the few who sent boats to ferry the soldiers back were quickly swamped by terrified soldiers, and many sank in the process. [6], However, their fatigue began to tell against Curio’s troops, and they were too tired to pursue the Numidians who were steadily falling back, and Curio’s cavalry were too few and too tired to take advantage of the break in the attack. [5], Moving away from the river, Curio eventually saw the army of Saburra. [5] Juba then forded the river with the remainder of his troops and proceeded northward. Leaving a quarter of his forces guarding his own camp under the command of Marcius Rufus, Curio began his march to the Bagradas river about two hours before dawn. When Curio saw the retreating backs of the Numidians, he believed his tactics were playing out as expected. [8] The soldiers fought with each other to get a place on the boats, and many of the boats, having seen what had happened to the first ones to shore, held back. [6] Soon the Numidian cavalry had returned and began to envelop the Roman line, pushing in to attack the Roman rear. Yet, nowhere in his account does Caesar describe bodies piling up in the heat of battle, as he did in his description of Battle of the Sambre (57 BC), a battle he witnessed firsthand. Among the handful that escaped were Gaius Caninius Rebilus and Gaius Asinius Pollio.[9]. Unclassified articles missing geocoordinate data, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Bagradas_(49_BC)?oldid=5231622. At some point, this should move back to Battle of the Bagradas River (49 BC) to keep consistent with the other articles, but a minor edit there makes it impossible for me to do it myself. [3] The next day however, he began to form a contravallation of Utica, with the intent of starving the town into submission. But he soon realised that his forces were beginning to crack, so he ordered his army to retreat northward to some low hills that bordered the plain. [8] The soldiers fought with each other to get a place on the boats, and many of the boats, having seen what had happened to the first ones to shore, held back. The Battle of Utica (49 BC) was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and Numidian cavalry and foot soldiers sent by King Juba I of Numidia and commanded by Publius Attius Varus.Curio defeated the Numidians and drove Varus back into the town of Utica. Overconfident and holding the governor of Africa, Varus, in low esteem, Curio took fewer of his legions than were available to him. [6] Saburra saw what was happening and had his cavalry cut off Curio’s retreat. They insisted that King Juba was nowhere in the vicinity, that in fact he was some 120 miles away near Leptis, dealing with an uprising there. Nevertheless, the Romans fought well under the circumstances, and initially forced Saburra to give ground as they moved inexorably forward. [5] Proposing to attack Saburra whilst his forces were in disarray, Curio ordered a forced march towards the river; he was unconcerned having to leave the majority of his cavalry behind due to the exhausted state of the horses, and proceeded with his reduced legions and 200 cavalry. The remaining soldiers sent their centurions as delegates to Varus, seeking assurances that they would not be harmed; Varus gave his word. Relieved by this news, Curio sent his cavalry out after sunset with orders locate Saburra’s camp and then to wait for Curio and the rest of the army. Relieved by this news, Curio sent his cavalry out after sunset with orders locate Saburra’s camp and then to wait for Curio and the rest of the army. [5] Proposing to attack Saburra whilst his forces were in disarray, Curio ordered a forced march towards the river; he was unconcerned having to leave the majority of his cavalry behind due to the exhausted state of the horses, and proceeded with his reduced legions and 200 cavalry. [5] Saburra gave the signal, and his forces turned around and engaged the flagging Romans. Sources. [2] After getting the better of Varus’s Numidian allies in a number of skirmishes, he defeated Varus at the Battle of Utica, who fled into the town of Utica. The Battle of the Bagradas (49 BC) occurred on August 24 and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia. The result was a crushing defeat for the Caesarean forces and the death of Curio. [4], Saburra had his camp some 10 miles off the Bagradas, but his advance party had already reached the river. The Numidians were unable to mount any resistance; the majority were either killed or captured and the rest of the advance scouting party fled. [10] Juba sent a message to Pompey and the Republican senators in Macedonia, who responded by granting him the title of King of Numidia. Curio queried how he could ever look Caesar in the face after he had lost him his army, and turning to face the oncoming Numidians, fought on until he was killed. They insisted that King Juba was nowhere in the vicinity, that in fact he was some 120 miles away near Leptis, dealing with an uprising there. The First Punic War was fought between Carthage and Rome, the two main powers of the western Mediterranean in the 3rd century BC, and lasted for 23 years, from 264 to 241 BC. The Battle of Bagradas River or “Battle on the Macar” (c. 240 BC) was fought between Carthaginian forces and part of the combined forces of Carthage's former mercenary armies during the Mercenary War which it used to conduct the First Punic War and those of rebelling Libyan cities. The open and level plain was perfect for the Numidian horsemen, who continually harassed the Roman legionaries. [7] With Roman resolve weakening, Curio tried to bolster their spirits, calling on them to stand firm. [8] Juba then returned to Numidia, along with the captured senators for display and execution. Curio’s cavalry stumbled upon them in the early hours of the morning as they slept in their tents and, taking advantage of their confusion, proceeded to attack. Each time a cohort would attempt to engage the enemy, the Numidians would disengage and swing away, before wheeling around and close around the legionaries, preventing them from rejoining the line and cutting them down where they stood. File; File history; File usage on Commons; File usage on other wikis; Metadata; Size of this PNG preview of this SVG file: 728 × 600 pixels. Returning victorious to his camp on the Bagradas, the legions acclaimed him as Imperator. [4], Quickly entrenching himself in the Castra Cornelia, he sent an urgent message to Sicily, requesting that his officers immediately send the two legions and the cavalry he had left behind. Battle of Ain Jalut, 1260 ⚔️ The Battle that saved Islam and stopped the Mongols - معركة عين جالوت - Duration: 23:58. Descending from the heights that bordered a sandy and waterless plain, he and his men moved to engage the Numidians. [3] Varus, however, had just learned that King Juba was on his way with a large force, and so reassured them that with Juba’s assistance, Curio would soon be defeated. When Curio saw the retreating backs of the Numidians, he believed his tactics were playing out as expected. Engaged in a civil war with the Roman general Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus and a hostile group of Republican senators, in 49 BC Julius Caesar sent a force to North Africa under the command of Gaius Scribonius Curio to deal with the Pompeian forces there. The Battle of the Bagradas River (49 BC) occurred on August 24 and was fought between Julius Caesar 's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia. [4] Flushed with success, the cavalry did not wait by the river, but rather rode back to find Curio, meeting him about six miles south of the Castra Cornelia. For that type of narrative of Bagradas, we need to turn to the Roman poet Lucan (39-65 AD), who wrote a lengthy work about the Civil War between Caesar and Pompey well after the events. [4] Flushed with success, the cavalry did not wait by the river, but rather rode back to find Curio, meeting him about six miles south of the Castra Cornelia. Aug 24 BC Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River by the Numidians under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba of Numidia. The result was a crushing defeat for the Caesarean forces and the death of Curio. Jump to navigation Jump to search. [4] They informed Curio that the approaching ‘army’ was in fact only a small body of troops under Juba’s military commander, Saburra. The next day he ordered his forces to march towards Utica, but instead of heading towards the Castra Cornelia which he had spied out for his camp, he decided to take the offensive and placed himself on a ridge to the south-west of the town. The sailors on the boats finally agreed to take a few of the married soldiers who had families back home, while others swam out to the ships and were pulled aboard. Saburra, who was convinced that Curio would attack swiftly, gave orders to feign a retreat as soon as the Romans came into view, warning his men to be ready for a signal to turn around and attack. [6] Even worse for the Romans was that Juba was continually reinforcing Saburra with fresh reserves, while the Romans continued to weaken as the battle went on. Relying solely on his cavalry, he kept his infantry in reserve and a good distance from the fighting. [3] Varus, however, had just learned that King Juba was on his way with a large force, and so reassured them that with Juba’s assistance, Curio would soon be defeated. [8] Juba then returned to Numidia, along with the captured senators for display and execution. The greatly superior cavalry of the Carthaginians and their allies permitted a pincer attack on the Roman infantrymen, provoking a rout and slaughter. In the confusion of the battle, Curio was urged to take the town before Varus could regroup, but he held himself back, as he did not have the means at hand to undertake an assault of the town. Leaving a quarter of his forces guarding his own camp under the command of Marcius Rufus, Curio began his march to the Bagradas river about two hours before dawn. [5], In the meantime, Juba, whose camp was further down and on the other side of the Bagradas and about six miles to the rear of Saburra, heard word of the skirmish by the river. The open and level plain was perfect for the Numidian horsemen, who continually harassed the Roman legionaries. Varus was approached by the leading citizens of the town, who begged him to surrender and spare the town the horrors of a siege. [6], One of Curio’s legates, Gnaeus Domitius, rode up to Curio with a handful of men, and urged him to flee and make it back to the camp. [6] Even worse for the Romans was that Juba was continually reinforcing Saburra with fresh reserves, while the Romans continued to weaken as the battle went on. [6], One of Curio’s legates, Gnaeus Domitius, rode up to Curio with a handful of men, and urged him to flee and make it back to the camp. The Battle of the Bagradas (49 BC) occurred near the Bagradas River (the classical name of the Medjerda) in what is now Tunisia on 24 August and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia. The Romans began to scatter, cut down as they ran, while others simply lay down on the ground exhausted, waiting for death. Saburra, who was convinced that Curio would attack swiftly, gave orders to feign a retreat as soon as the Romans came into view, warning his men to be ready for a signal to turn around and attack. The result was a crushing defeat for the Caesarean forces and the death of Curio. Only a few soldiers managed to escape the bloodbath that followed, while the three hundred cavalry that had not followed Curio into battle returned to the camp at Castra Cornelia, bearing the bad news. I used the famous, Total War: Rome 2 game to create this historical scenario inspired by Hamilcar Barca's battle at the Bagradas River in 239 BC. The Battle of the Bagradas River (the ancient name of the Medjerda), also known as the Battle of Tunis, was a victory by a Carthaginian army led by Xanthippus over a Roman army led by Marcus Atilius Regulus in the spring of 255 BC, nine years into the First Punic War. [6] He ordered the captains of the transports and the other ships to have their boats ready to transport the troops back onto the ships. Varus was approached by the leading citizens of the town, who begged him to surrender and spare the town the horrors of a siege. [6], Marcius Rufus, left in charge of the detachment at Castra Cornelia, attempted to hold discipline after news of the disaster reached the camp. [10] Caesar and the remains of the Roman Senate proclaimed him a public enemy. The result was a crushing defeat for the Caesarean forces and the death of Curio. But he soon realised that his forces were beginning to crack, so he ordered his army to retreat northward to some low hills that bordered the plain. (Alternatively, the other two Battles of the Bagradas could be moved ...) — Llywelyn II 01:09, 7 November 2018 (UTC) This page was last edited on 1 June 2020, at 12:01 (UTC). Synonym of Battle of the bagradas river (49 bc): English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia Battle of the Bagradas (49 BC) The Battle of the Bagradas (49 BC) occurred on August 24 and was fought between Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio and the Pompeian Republicans under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia.