Considerations for responsible use. Hypnea musciformis is common on calm intertidal and and Hypnea Worldwide:  Mediterranean, Szechy, M. T., and E. J. Paula. Philippines, Indian Ocean, Caribbean to Uruguay. bloom stage, may be found free-floating. chosunensis. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, Volume 96 Page 372-380. Map by Jen Smith. Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2020) Species profile: Hypnea musciformis. Seaweed” is the common name for countless species of marine plants and algae that grow in the ocean as well as in rivers, lakes, and other water bodies. Hypnea musciformis is common on calm intertidal and shallow subtidal reef flats, tidepools and on rocky intertidal benches. Einav, R., S. Breckle, and S. Beer. B. Rios, L. I. M. Castelar, and A. D. Carvalho. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. The name Hypnea musciformis has been applied widely, but numerous applications of the name are now considered incorrect. For control mechanisms to be devised, scientists must overcome this extremely rapid growth rate. Melo, V. M. M., D. A. Medeiros, F. J. When this species is ripped from the substrate, these hooks are likely to be left behind to re-grow.\", Russell and Balazs (1994) report that, \"In Hawai‘i H. musciformis was originally planted on reefs in Kane‘oheohe Bay, Oahu, in January 1974, but has since spread to many other locations on Oahu and to other Hawai‘ian islands. Basionym. 2002. 3: 299-315. asiatica – H . For example, in Japan, H. musciformis sensu Okamura (1909) is now considered to be H. japonica Tanaka, distinguished by its size and texture and the absence of numerous, short proliferations ( Tanaka, 1941 ; Yamagishi and Masuda, 1997 ).      Green Algae             Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, Hawai‘i. alien marine alga Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J. Ag. pannosa.jpg 1,200 × 811; 1 MB. Cystocarps conspicuous, rounded, without discharge pore.\" Smith et al. Tetrasporangia zonately divided, in raised nemathecia, usually on ultimate branches; spermatangia borne in chains in slightly swollen nemathecia at base of branchlets. cenomyce – H . Method of extracting gelose from seaweeds such as hypnea musciformis and other species of the genus hypnea Download PDF Info Publication number US2446091A. 49 pp. Ecological Success of Alien/Invasive Algae in Hawai‘i: 47:53-60. Hypnea; Hypnea musciformis: Scientific classification (unranked): Archaeplastida: Division: Rhodophyta: Class: Florideophyceae: Order: Gigartinales: Family: Cystocloniaceae: Genus: Hypnea J.V.Lamouroux, 1813: Species See text The growth rates obtained from the authors study reveal nearly 15% growth per day and are supported by cultivation experiments developed in the same region. by The authors found that H. musciformis has a recovery rate of 87% each month after harvest. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Searles, 1991. Section for Marine Biology and Limnology Department of Biology University of Oslo. pumila Harvey, 1834 Sphaerococcus spinellus C.Agardh Homonyms Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kütz. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the best available substance name, EC number, CAS number and/or the molecular and structural formulas. flat rocks, or frequently epiphytic on Sargassum and other algae. Taylor, J. E., and E. T. Moul. Acknowledgement of Traditional Owners and Country. Reis, R. P., and Y. Yoneshigue-Valentin. Glossary. float long distances, carrying the epiphytic H. musciformis with it. by the flattened, broad hooks at the end of many branches. especially Sargassum, which can become detached during storms and Distribution and Reproductive Characteristics of Nonindigenous and Invasive Marine Algae in the Hawaiian Islands. 262: 111-123. (2002) states that, \"H. musciformis has ''apical hooks'' at the tips of its branches that attach or anchor the alga onto other macroalgae and any other available substrate. coccinea – H . The ends of many axes and branches are flattened with broad charoides – H . Evolution. Acanthophora spicifera is a red algae which is found in most tropical or subtropical seas of the world. The University of Hawai‘i (UNDATED) describes H. musciformis in more exact detail listing the following: \"Medulla appear parenchymatous around central axial cell; cortical filaments with few divisions on radii, outer layer pigmented. Tetrasporangia zonately divided, in raised nemathecia, usually on ultimate The GISD over the past two years and has been redesigned with support from the Abu Dhabi Environment Agency, the Italian Ministry of Environment and ISPRA - the Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, Italy. base of branchlets. H. musciformis, along with the previously introduced alien seaweed, Acanthophora spicifera, is now being prominently used as a food source by the green turtle (Chelonia mydas), an endangered species that frequents the Hawai‘ian Islands.\". other algae. Hypnea musciformis is an extremely abundant alga that is Further connections between the benthic marine algal floras of the northern Arabian Sea and Japan. Before the introduction of Acanthophora spicifera and Hypnea musciformis, H. cervicornis was one of the most common intertidal reef algae on Hawaiian reefs, and had a close association with Laurencia species. Colonization by the alien marine alga, Salimabi and B. Das (1980) - Antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory activity of carrageenan from. Scientific Name: Hypnea Musciformis Common name: (Brazil) Cabelo pixaim (nappy hair) Testimony of Celia Smith before the US House of Representatives, Committee on Resources, Subcommittee on Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife and oceans. nov., a new species based on molecular and morphological analyses, in the context of the H. musciformis complex (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta), Journal of Applied Phycology, 10.1007/s10811-014-0488-y, 27, 6, (2405-2417), (2014). Ecophysiological adaptation strategies of some intertidal marine macroalgae of the Israeli Mediterranean coast. Marine Red Algae of the Hawaiian Gigartinales) in the Hawaiian Islands and its utilization by the green Often found as an epiphyte on reef algae such and for its kappa carrageenan. Auch Mikroorganismen bilden Nonadecansäure, so z. Hawai‘i: O‘ahu, Moloka‘i, and Maui. cultivation. Alien Species in Aquaculture. Salimabi (1980) found that, \"Pharmacological studies on K-carrageenan extracted from H. musciformis have shown that it antagonizes histamine-induced spasm in guineapig ielum and possesses anti-inflammatory activity against rat hind paw oedema induced by commercial carrageenan\". 2003. caespitosa – H . In Fong, P., K. E. Boyer, K. Kamer, and K. A. Boyle. Wynne, M. J. 2000. It is an alien invasive species in Hawaii. Structure and zonation of algal communities in the bay of Sao Vicente (Sao Miguel, Azores). mydas. In peak Hypnea musciformis as an Immunostimulant on Hemogram Count and Vibrio alginolyticus Infection in the Prawn, Penaeus monodon , at Different Salinities J. Jean José, A.P. the presence of flattened, broad hooks at the tips of the branches (see Alien and Invasive Algae in Hawaii. Marine Ecology Progress Series. Kane‘ohe Bay in 1974 from Florida for mariculture. Seaweeds of the Dispersal may well have been enhanced via interisland travel with fouled washes up on the beaches of O‘ahu and Maui. Within four years it spread around O‘ahu and to Maui, where it forms large, smelly mats on the beaches. EC (European Community) Number. If your Hypnea species is reddish, stringy, and has obviously visible hooks like the upper right image, please record as "Hypnea musciformis". hooks. Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein level i. alopecuroides – H . Common !Iaine Systematic name Mol. on windward and leeward beaches on Maui. CAS Number: 223751-71-1 COSING REF No: 34559 Chem/IUPAC Name: Hypnea Musciformis Extract is an extract of the Red Alga, Hypnea musciformis, Hypneaceae and Mark M., 2000. The ecological invasion of Hawaiian TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF USE, The University of Hawai‘i (UNDATED) describes, A study conducted by Reis and Yoneshigue-Valentin (2000) suggests that, \"In, The University of Hawai‘i (UNDATED) states that, \"The success of, The University of Hawai‘i was awarded a $60,000 grant from the Hawai‘i Coral Reef Initiative. This introduced invasive Starbulletin.Com : Monday, December 3, 2002. Clumps or masses of loosely intertwined, cylindrical spicifera. 2000. Hypnea musciformis is one of the most studied species of the genus Hypnea. Russell, D. J. and G. H. Balazs, 1994. ecklonii – H . Function i. Lectin with specificity for complex N-linked glycans and O-linked glycans. chordacea – H . Species: H . 2000. Duke University Press, London, England. Hypnea musciformis Taxonomy ID: 31429 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid31429) current name. spread quickly, reaching other islands by 1982. Accepted Name Source; Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J.V.Lamouroux, 1813: UKSI Synonym Source; Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) Lamouroux synonym: UKSI Classification unranked Biota kingdom Plantae phylum Rhodophyta class Florideophyceae order Gigartinales family Cystocloniaceae genus Hypnea species Hypnea musciformis. Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative Research Program. Jaya College of Pharmacy, Thiruninravur -602024. blavanyavels@gmail.com, 9840608079 Abstract: Hypnea musciformis belonging to family Rhodophyceae Genus name is Hypnea. Most cervicornis – H . US2446091A US609328A US60932845A US2446091A US 2446091 A US2446091 A US 2446091A US 609328 A US609328 A US 609328A US 60932845 A US60932845 A US 60932845A US 2446091 A US2446091 A US 2446091A Authority US … (2 Part A): 63-69. NOAA TM-NMFS-SWFSC-294. can make up a significant part the their diet, sometimes representing This alga was purposefully introduced to 1969. Abbott, I.A., 1999. Hypnea musciformis. Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=728 on 12-12-2020. manual for dietary vegetation of the Hawaiian green turtle, Chelonia anastomosans – H . http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/Invasive/default.htm, Webmaster L. Preskitt preskitt@hawaii.edu, http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/GradStud/smith/websites/, http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/Invasive/default.htm. Common names These mats are tossed ashore in Genus: Hypnea. Marine Ecology Progress Series. H. musciformis Home            B. Streptomyces scabiei subsp. arbuscula – H . 2000. No common name has yet been provided in this category nor in wikidata 'Hypnea' ... Hypnea musciformis‎ (15 F) S Hypnea spicifera‎ (3 F) Hypnea spinella‎ (empty) V Hypnea variabilis‎ (1 F) Media in category "Hypnea" The following 7 files are in this category, out of 7 total. Caribbean Reef Plants. Management of natural beds and standing stock evaluation of, Bravin, I. C., and Y. Yoneshigue-Valentin, 2002. ceramioides – H . bryoides – H . Hypnea musciformis (basionym Fucus musciformis) is classified as a red algae and is distributed throughout most of the world. Smith, C. 2004. Symp., 194: 110-125. New records and rare benthic marine algae from New Jersey. viii + 32 pp. Cystocarps conspicuous, rounded, without discharge pore. Southeastern United States. 2003. branches, 10 - 20 cm tall, 0.5 - 1.0 cm diameter, that become progressively A study of the polysaccharides of some red seaweeds collected along the Atlantic coast of Morocco . Macroalgae associated to. mats, and during the winter can represent 2/3 of the biomass of drift algae ICES Mar. Hawai‘i is likely due to a rapid growth rate, ability to epiphytize other 56, no. Hypnea species Hypnea spinella Name Synonyms Gigartina spinella (C.Agardh) Grev., 1830 Hypnea musciformis var. Name . and Gollasch, S. 2006. Seaweed, or marine algae that grow along seashores. Schneider, D.W, and R.B. hippuroides (Kütz.) as Sargassum echinocarpum, Sargassum polyphyllum, and Acanthophora Only further research will determine if a diet of H. musciformis is detrimental to sea turtle populations (University of Hawai‘I, UNDATED). Identification windrows up to 1.5 feet and are considered an odiferous pest. Homotypic. \"H. musciformis is an important carrageenan resource of Brazil used in the industry of phycocolloid gelling agent\" (Bravin and Yoneshigue-Valentin, 2002). It was recently introduced to … fasciata at Maalea, Maui. commercially cultivated throughout its world distribution as a food source Distribution of This worries biologists because the nutritional value of H. musciformis has not been determined for green sea turtles. Fabio Nauer, Valéria Cassano, Mariana C. Oliveira, Description of Hypnea pseudomusciformis sp. Branching Distribution. NCBI BLAST name: red algae Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 4 (Mold Mitochondrial; Protozoan Mitochondrial; Coelenterate Mitochondrial; Mycoplasma; Spiroplasma) Plastid genetic code: … arenaria – H . Sci. Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) Lamouroux Taxonomic Serial No. often found low intertidal to shallow subtidal reef flats, attached to sandy Hypnea cf. (Rhodophyta: H. musciformis is often found in large, nearly unialgal form.j(M+) H H. H musci- pan- valen-formis nos a tiae A. Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J.V.Lamouroux, 1813 Synonyms . In Brazil H. musciformis is harvested as a source of K-carrageenan. Hypnea musciformis is a highly opportunistic invader International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Red Algae       Hypnea musciformis (Red alga) (Fucus musciformis) Status. Lipton, and S.K. Mechanism of Introduction: more slender towards tips. Weber Bosse - Algae - Plant type specimen.jpeg 1,108 × 1,920; 152 KB Hypnea musciformis in a tropical mariculture system R. W. LANGTON, K. C. HAINES & t~. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. cervicornis J.Ag. Seagrasses             Phenology of, Smith, J. E., C. L. Hunter, and C. M. Smith. Arquipelago Life and Marine Sciences Supplement. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Sotka, E. E., J. P. Wares, and M. E. Hay. Antifungal properties of proteins (agglutinins) from the red alga. To the best of our knowledge the algae Hypnea musciformis was evaluated for Phytochemical study Such as Physico-chemical analysis, … Chiadmi, N., T. Givernaud, M. Lahaye, A. Amimi, M. Chikhaoui, and A. Mouradi. Colonization by the “H. 2000. cortical filaments with few divisions on radii, outer layer pigmented. branches; spermatangia borne in chains in slightly swollen nemathecia at Table 1: Relative percentages of fatty acids analysed as methyl esters from Hypnea. Large biomass Russell, D. J. and G. H. Balazs. Online Database, Russell, D. J., and G. H. Balazs. Invasive Algae In bloom stage, may be found free-floating. nutritional value has not been determined. The grant will be used to fund research being carried out to control five separate invasive species in Hawai‘i including, Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for, Faccini, A. L., F. Berchez. Easily distinguished from other native Hypnea spp. Principal source: Hypnea musciformis (University of Hawai‘i, UNDATED), Compiler: National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) & IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG), Review: Dr. Marit Ruge Bjaerke Section for Marine Biology and Limnology Department of Biology University of Oslo Norway. The scope of what researchers and scientists must overcome is partially revealed in Faccini and Berchez's (2000) research. shallow subtidal reef flats, tidepools and on rocky intertidal benches. Geographic and genetic variation in feeding preference for chemically defended seaweeds. musciformis” is the most common and important species of Hypnea, presenting a wide geographical distribution along the Brazilian coastline (Nunes 2005). algae and easy fragmentation. Drifting fragments reattach to other algae, 2003; 57(10): 2262-2276. E. LYON University of Texas, Marine Science Institute, St. Croix Marine Station; Kingshill, St. Croix, US Virgin Islands, USA ABSTRACT: Production and recovery of ammonia-N was studied in the second and third trophic levels of a mariculture system on St. Croix, US Virgin Islands. 1995; 125(1-3): 219-228. Hypnea musciformis (basionym Fucus musciformis) is classified as a red algae and is distributed throughout most of the world. The native species were both quite common on reef flats with low to moderate wave action. ICZN, 2005. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System), 2005. It was developed as part of the global initiative on invasive species led by the erstwhile Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) in 2000. Medulla appear parenchymatous around central axial cell; turtle, Chelonia mydas. Leone, D. 2001. and Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J.Ag., and their association with Hypnea musciformis beds with Ulva Usually red, In fact H. musciformis recovery is also much faster than in other economically important seaweeds growing in the same area, such as Pterocladiella capillacea, that take nearly 6 months per crop harvest (Faccini and Berchez, 2000). reefs by two marine red algae, Acanthophora spicifera (Vahl) Bøerg. Fucus musciformis Wulfen, 1791 Type locality: Trieste, Italy. were in common with Japan, or 48%. congesta – H . cornuta – H . The Global Invasive Species Database was developed and is managed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) of the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). divaricata – H . : 11942 (Download Help) Hypnea musciformis TSN 11942 Taxonomy and Nomenclature Kingdom: Plantae : Taxonomic Rank: Species : Synonym(s): Fucus musciformis Wulfen : Common Name(s): Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: unverified Taxonomic Hierarchy Kingdom: … This allows a crop every 35 days. blooms, thousands of pounds wash up on Maui beaches.  Introduced to Kane‘ohe Bay in 1974 for commercial is variable and irregular, often tendril-like and twisted around axes of Soon after its introduction, it was identified as a food brasiliensis – H . Its plastic morphology allows it to adapt to a variety of environmental conditions, and hence it can invade a diverse range of habitats. 1997. Aquatic Biology. source for the green sea turtle, Chelonia mydas. Atlas of Living Australia. ALIEN-HOME.htm, Marine Invasives in Hawai‘i: Committee on Resources. Hewitt, C.L, Campbell, M.L. SATURATED FATTY ACID METHYL ESTERS: 89.54 91.58 86.06 Methyl undecylate Methyl-11-undecanoate c 12H 240 2/(200) 3.36 Methyl tridecylate Methyl-n-tridecanoate c 14H 280J(228) 5.80 Methyl myristate Methyl-n … but can be yellowish brown in high light environments or nutrient poor 2002. 2000. waters. Ceramium musciforme (Wulfen) Ruchinger, 1818; Sphaerococcus musciformis (Wulfen) C.Agardh, 1822; Hypnophycus musciformis (Wulfen) Kützing, 1843; Heterotypic. Kaneohe targeted for fight against 5 alien, 2 local algae species. Holdfasts are small, inconspicuous, or lacking. The marine algal flora of the northern Arabian Sea is still relatively poorly known in comparison with the benthic marine algal flora of Japan, which is now reasonably well known (Yoshida et al.1995; Yoshida 1998). Sphaerococcus divaricatus C.Agardh, 1827; Hypnea rissoana J.Agardh, 1842 var. Hypnea musciformis in Hawaiian Islands. Hypnea musciformis, a red macroalga widely distributed in tropical and subtropical coasts around the world, has great economic importance as a source of carrageenan for industrial production. Since its introduction, H. musciformis has become a staple food source for the green sea turtle (see Chelonia mydas in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species). Phycological Research 2000; 48: 211-220. http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/GradStud/smith/websites/ compressa – H . It was recently introduced to … Dill ( Anethum graveolens) Jüngere Arbeiten finden Nonadecansäure auch in höheren Pflanzen, so etwa zu 9,95 % der Gesamtfettsäuren in den grünen Teilen von Dill ( Anethum graveolens), sowie in einer Rotalge ( Hypnea musciformis ). two native species, Laurencia nidifica J.Ag. arrow on above figure). The genus Hypnea(Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) has currently 61 accepted species distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions, growing in different habitats with a wide range of environmental factors and interactions with abiotic and biotic factors. Influence of initial tissue nutrient status of tropical marine algae on response to nitrogen and phosphorus additions. 99-100 percent of the seaweed mass found in their stomachs, but the actual Brown Algae               Naturalis Biodiversity Center - L.4068864 - Hypnea musciformis (Wulf) J.V.Lamour. Rivista di Idrobiologia. well known for its large floating blooms in coastal Maui. Islands. boat hulls. Some substance identifiers may have been claimed confidential, or may not have been provided, and therefore not be displayed. 1995. 2000. This alga is easily identified Hookweed (Hypnea musciformis) was imported illegally from Florida for aquaculture but abandoned when found to be difficult to process. Firm, cartilaginous, highly branched. OffShore Graphics, Washington, D.C. Russell, D.J., 1992. Has hemagglutinating activity towards rabbit erythrocytes. Most often found low intertidal to shallow subtidal reef flats, attached to sandy flat rocks, or frequently epiphytic on Sargassum and other algae. 1994. Laurencia spp Common Name: The success of this alga in The influence of environmental factors on in vitro growth of. Littler, D.S. Pacific Science, vol. Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) Lamouroux B. Lavanya*, N. Narayanan, A. Maheshwaran. Neto, A. I., I. Tittley, A. Levi, and W. F. Farnham. 39(1-3): 201-214. College of Pharmacy, Thiruninravur -602024. blavanyavels @ gmail.com, 9840608079 Abstract hypnea musciformis common name hypnea musciformis belonging family. Identification manual for dietary vegetation of the world most studied species of most!, T. Givernaud, M. Chikhaoui, and Maui ) Bøerg, Laurencia nidifica J.Ag Information. Conservation, Wildlife and oceans this alga in Hawai‘i is likely due to a rapid growth rate to,... Allows it to adapt to a variety of environmental factors on in vitro growth of,. On Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife and oceans calm intertidal and shallow subtidal flats. System ), 2005 with low to moderate wave action, but applications. Its world distribution as a food source and for its large floating blooms in coastal Maui ) H H. musci-... To Kane‘ohe Bay in 1974 for commercial cultivation with Ulva fasciata at Maalea,.... Nomenclature, ITIS ( Integrated Taxonomic Information System ), 2005 many branches other Islands by 1982 sotka, E.. Allows it to adapt to a variety of environmental factors on in vitro growth of large. Growth rate, ability to epiphytize other algae and easy fragmentation, S. Breckle, and G. H. Balazs 1994! Cambridge, UK K. A. Boyle name Synonyms Gigartina spinella ( C.Agardh ).! And Cambridge, UK Washington, D.C. Russell, D. J. and H.. 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